Childhood Cancer Fact Library 2019 »
Incidence of Childhood cancer
- Each year around 15,780 children are diagnosed with cancer in the US
- One in every 285 Americans develops cancer before the age of twenty.
- On the average, 36 children and adolescents are diagnosed with cancer everyday in the United States (around 46 per school day).
- On the average, one in every four elementary schools has a child with cancer. The average high school has two students who are current or former cancer patients.
- The incidence of invasive pediatric cancers is up 29% in the past 20 years.
- The causes of most childhood cancers are unknown. At present, childhood cancer cannot be prevented.
- Childhood cancer occurs regularly, randomly and spares no ethnic group, socioeconomic class, or geographic region.
- 35,000 children are currently in treatment for cancer.
Mortality Associated with Childhood cancer
- cancer is the leading cause of death by disease in children under the age of 15 in the United States.
- 1 in 5 children diagnosed with cancer will die within 5-years
- 1 in 3 children diagnosed with cancer will not live-out a normal life-span (excess mortality)
- Some pediatric brain tumors, such as brain stem gliomas and pontine gliomas, are terminal upon diagnosis and no new protocols have been developed in 30 years.
- Many pediatric cancers, including neuroblastoma and disseminated medulloblastoma, are terminal upon progression or recurrence.
- The average age of death for a child with cancer is 8, causing a child to lose 69 years of expected life.
- More children die of cancer every year than adults died in 9/11.
- Childhood cancers affect more potential patient-years of life than any other cancer except breast and lung cancer.
- cancer kills more children than AIDs, asthma, diabetes, cystic fibrosis and congenital anomalies combined.
Facts About Pediatric cancer Survivors
- 74% of childhood cancer survivors have chronic illnesses, and some 40% of childhood cancer survivors have severe illnesses or die from such illnesses.
- Childhood cancer survivors are at significant risk for secondary cancers later in life.
- cancer treatments can affect a child’s growth, fertility, and endocrine system. Child survivors may be permanently immunologically suppressed.
- Radiation to a child’s brain can significantly damage cognitive function, or if radiation is given at a very young age, limiting the ability to read, do basic math, tell time or even talk.
- Physical and neurocognitive disabilities resulting from treatment may prevent childhood cancer survivors from fully participating in school, social activities and eventually work, which can cause depression and feelings of isolation.
- Childhood cancer survivors have difficulty getting married and obtaining jobs, health and life insurance.